Why should I change my diet after a heart attack?
Making changes to your diet can help reduce your risk of having another heart attack.
Other lifestyle changes, such as drinking less alcohol, taking regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight can also help.
Read more aboutheart failure.
There's evidence to show that eating a Mediterranean-style diet can reduce your risk of having another heart attack.
To make your diet more Mediterranean you can:
You should eat at least 2 portions of fish a week, including a portion of oily fish.
Oily fish is a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids, which help prevent heart disease.
Examples of oily fish include:
One portion is about 140g, which is equivalent to a small tin of oily fish or a small fillet of fresh fish.
Read more about oily fish.
Healthier ways to cook
Don't fry or roast food in fat. Instead, prepare and cook your food using healthy methods such as:
- making a casserole
- using the microwave
Buttery, cheesy or creamy sauces tend to be high in fat. Instead, try adding flavour to your sauces using spices, herbs and lemon juice.
Foods to avoid
Avoid foods that are high in:
- saturated fat (this is the current guidance, although further studies on saturated fat are needed)
Foods containing high amounts of fat, salt or sugar include:
- fried foods
- sweets and confectionery
- processed foods
- pre-packaged foods
Read more about healthy eating.
Supplements to avoid
Don't take beta-carotene supplements, beta-carotene is a type of vitamin A. Research has shown that taking these supplements may increase your risk of having another heart attack.
Also, taking Vitamin C, Vitamin E or Folic Acid supplements won't help prevent another heart attack. There's no evidence to suggest that taking any of these supplements will have any benefit.