- Help with stress, anxiety or depression
- Help with other common feelings
- Your mental wellbeing
- Improve low mood
- Reduce stress
- 10 stress busters
- Breathing exercise for stress
- Easy time-management tips
- How to cope with money worries
- Depression support
- Mental health at work
- Talking therapies and counselling
- Student mental health
- Counselling for student mental health problems
- Student stress: self-help tips
- Tips on preparing for exams
- Help your child beat exam stress
- Children\'s mental health
- Talking to children about feelings
- Depression in children and young people
- Anxiety in children
- Dealing with child anger
- Children and bereavement
- Helplines and support groups
- Teen mental health
Anxiety, fear and panic
Most people feel anxious or scared sometimes, but if it's affecting your life there are things you can try that may help.
Support is also available if you're finding it hard to cope with anxiety, fear or panic.
Get advice about coronavirus and looking after your mental wellbeing:
Symptoms of anxiety
Anxiety can cause many different symptoms. It might affect how you feel physically, mentally and how you behave.
It's not always easy to recognise when anxiety is the reason you're feeling or acting differently.
Symptoms of a panic attack
If you experience sudden, intense anxiety and fear, it might be the symptoms of a panic attack. Other symptoms may include:
- feeling that you're losing control
- sweating, trembling or shaking
- shortness of breath or breathing very quickly
- feeling sick (nausea)
A panic attack usually lasts 5 to 30 minutes. They can be very frightening, but they're not dangerous and should not harm you.
Things you can try to help with anxiety, fear and panic
try talking about your feelings to a friend, family member, health professional or counsellor.
exercise – activities such as running, walking, swimming and yoga can help you relax
eat a healthy diet with regular meals to keep your energy levels stable
consider peer support, where people use their experiences to help each other.
do not try to do everything at once – set small targets that you can easily achieve
do not focus on the things you cannot change – focus your time and energy into helping yourself feel better
do not avoid situations that make you anxious – try slowly building up time spent in worrying situations to gradually reduce anxiety
try not to tell yourself that you're alone; most people experience anxiety or fear at some point in their life
try not to use alcohol, cigarettes, gambling or drugs to relieve anxiety as these can all contribute to poor mental health
Further information and support
The mental health charity Mind offer more information on:
Where to get help for anxiety, fear and panic
Referring yourself for therapy
If you need more support, you can get free psychological therapies like cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
See a GP if:
- you're struggling to cope with anxiety, fear or panic
- things you're trying yourself are not helping
- you would prefer to get a referral from a GP
Ask for an urgent GP appointment if:
- you need help urgently, but it's not an emergency
Call your local emergency service now if:
- you or someone you know needs immediate help
- you have seriously harmed yourself – for example, by taking a drug overdose
A mental health emergency should be taken as seriously as a medical emergency.
Causes of anxiety, fear and panic
There are many different causes of anxiety, fear or panic and it's different for everyone.
When you're feeling anxious or scared, your body releases stress hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol.
This can be helpful in some situations, but it might also cause physical symptoms such as an increased heart rate and increased sweating. In some people, it might cause a panic attack.
Regular anxiety, fear or panic can also be the main symptom of several health conditions. Do not self-diagnose – speak to a GP if you're worried about how you're feeling.
Identifying the cause
If you know what's causing anxiety, fear or panic, it might be easier to find ways to manage it.
Some examples of possible causes include:
- work – feeling pressure at work, unemployment or retirement
- family – relationship difficulties, divorce or caring for someone
- financial problems – unexpected bills or borrowing money
- health – illness, injury or losing someone (bereavement)
- difficult past experiences – bullying, abuse or neglect
Even significant life events such as buying a house, having a baby or planning a wedding could lead to feelings of stress and anxiety.
You might find it hard to explain to people why you feel this way, but talking to someone could help you find a solution.
Find out more about the 5 steps to mental wellbeing.
Conditions related to anxiety, fear and panic
|feelings of anxiety that will not go away, anxiety is affecting your life||generalised anxiety disorder|
|overwhelming fear of something specific like an object, place or animal||phobias|
|regularly experiencing panic attacks||panic disorder|
|often reliving traumatic past experiences, nightmares and flashbacks||post-traumatic stress disorder|