- Help with stress, anxiety or depression
- Help with other common feelings
- Your mental wellbeing
- Improve low mood
- Reduce stress
- 10 stress busters
- Breathing exercise for stress
- Easy time-management tips
- How to cope with money worries
- Depression support
- Mental health at work
- Talking therapies and counselling
- Student mental health
- Counselling for student mental health problems
- Student stress: self-help tips
- Tips on preparing for exams
- Help your child beat exam stress
- Children\'s mental health
- Talking to children about feelings
- Depression in children and young people
- Anxiety in children
- Dealing with child anger
- Children and bereavement
- Helplines and support groups
- Teen mental health
Low mood, sadness and depression
Most people feel low sometimes, but if it's affecting your life, there are things you can try that may help.
Support is also available if you're finding it hard to cope with low mood, sadness or depression.
Get advice about coronavirus and looking after your mental wellbeing:
Symptoms of a low mood
Symptoms of a general low mood may include feeling:
- anxious or panicky
- more tired than usual or being unable to sleep
- angry or frustrated
- low on confidence or self-esteem
A low mood often gets better after a few days or weeks.
It's usually possible to improve a low mood by making small changes in your life. For example, resolving something that's bothering you or getting more sleep.
Symptoms of depression
If you have a low mood that lasts 2 weeks or more, it could be a sign of depression.
Other symptoms of depression may include:
- not getting any enjoyment out of life
- feeling hopeless
- not being able to concentrate on everyday things
- having suicidal thoughts or thoughts about harming yourself
Things you can try to help with a low mood
try talking about your feelings to a friend, family member, health professional or counsellor.
try the ways to feel happier, which are simple lifestyle changes to help you feel more in control and able to cope
find out how to raise your self-esteem
consider peer support, where people use their experiences to help each other.
try mindfulness, where you focus on the present moment
do not try to do everything at once; set small targets that you can easily achieve
do not focus on the things you cannot change – focus your time and energy into helping yourself feel better
try not to tell yourself that you're alone – most people feel low sometimes and support is available
try not to use alcohol, cigarettes, gambling or drugs to relieve a low mood. These can all contribute to poor mental health
Further information and support
The mental health charity Mind offers more information on:
Where to get help for a low mood
Referring yourself for therapy
If you need more support, you can get free psychological therapies like cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
See a GP if:
- you've had a low mood for more than 2 weeks
- you're struggling to cope with a low mood
- things you're trying yourself are not helping
- you would prefer to get a referral from a GP
Ask for an urgent GP appointment if:
- you need help urgently, but it's not an emergency
Call your local emergency service now if:
- you or someone you know needs immediate help
- you have seriously harmed yourself – for example, by taking a drug overdose
A mental health emergency should be taken as seriously as a medical emergency.
Causes of a low mood
There are many reasons why you might feel low at some point in your life.
Any sort of difficult event or experience could lead to sadness or low self-esteem. Sometimes it's possible to feel low without there being an obvious reason.
Identifying the cause
If you know what's causing your low mood it might be easier to find ways to manage it.
Some examples of things that may cause a low mood include:
- work – feeling pressure at work, unemployment or retirement
- family – relationship difficulties, divorce or caring for someone
- financial problems – unexpected bills or borrowing money
- health – illness, injury or losing someone (bereavement)
Even significant life events such as buying a house, having a baby or planning a wedding could lead to feelings of sadness.
You might find it hard to explain to people why you feel this way, but talking to someone could help you find a solution.
Find out more about the 5 steps to mental wellbeing.
Conditions related to low mood and depression
|feeling low or depressed in a seasonal pattern, usually during winter||seasonal affective disorder (SAD)|
|feeling low or depressed after the birth of a child||postnatal depression|